Nicaragua

T-O-I engaged in Nicaragua (Opening 2016)

  • Country: The Republic of Nicaragua
  • Geographic Location: Nicaragua, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
  • Capital: Managua
  • Official language: Spanish
  • Currency: Nicaraguan córdoba

Statistics on Poverty in Nicaragua.

Nicaragua is the second poorest country in Central America, ahead of Haiti. Fifty-seven percent of those in poverty reside in the bigger cities like the capital. Natural disasters have been a big factor increasing poverty.

  • According to the World Bank, 43% of the population lives on less than $2 per day.
  •  45% to 65% of all Nicaraguans are either unemployed or underemployed.
  • 53% of the population being age 18 or less, the country’s poverty most severely affects women and children.
  • 1 of every 3 Nicaraguan children is malnourished.
  •  238,827 children between the ages of 5 and 17 were economically active, with 36.1 percent of working children being under age 14.

While current and official statistics remain unknown, unofficial reports indicate that child labor has increased since 2005.

  • The U.N. says that only 48% of the children graduate from the 6th grade.
  • One out of every 4 children is born to a teenage mother. 13% are born to a girl between the ages of 10 and 14.
  • One-third of all Nicaraguan children never enroll in elementary school, fail to attend, or drop out before reaching the sixth grade.
  • Other risks that threaten the well-being of Nicaragua’s children and youth are malnutrition, teenage pregnancy and early marriages, child trafficking and sexual exploitation, gang involvement and HIV and AIDS.

Statistics on Children/Orphans in Nicaragua.

  • Orphans 130,000
  • Infant Mortality 23.5 per 1000
  • Child poverty Rate 42.50 %
  • Child Malnutrition 30.50%
  • Child Marriage 40.60%
  • Approximately 320,000 Nicaraguan children aged 5-14 are involved in child labour activities.
  • Three in five Nicaraguan children are employed in the agricultural sector, working mostly in the banana, cotton and tobacco industry.
  • In Managua, nearly 1,000 children live on the city’s largest garbage dump “La Chureca” where they dig for food or recyclable material that is later sold in the streets of the city. Thousands of homeless children roam the streets without access to food, education or family support. Most of them sniff glue in order to forget about their daily hardships.
  • According to estimates by the World Bank, 8 to 12 percent of all children below the age of 18 in Nicaragua work or live in the streets – or both.

Statistics on unemployment in Nicaragua.

While the entire country of Nicaragua has an unemployment rate of only 12 percent, it does exceed 20 percent within the poor families in rural areas. Some poor families will try to migrate to more urban areas if they have enough resources and money so that they can improve their own personal living conditions. Without more access to public and natural resources, the rural areas of Nicaragua will continue to increase in poverty. In recent years, the unemployment rate has been steady at around 6 percent.

Labor force:

2.98 million (2015 est.)

Labor force – by occupation:

  • agriculture: 31%
  • industry: 18%
  • Services: 50% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate:

  • 1% (2015 est.)
  • 6% (2014 est.)
  • 2% (2013 est.)

 

Drug addiction of youth in Nicaragua

  • Drug consumption in Nicaragua rose in 2011, particularly on the Atlantic coast where the transshipment of drugs is highest
  • The highest rate of users can be found among young men and women, aged between 19 and 25 years, followed by the age group between 26 and 34.
  • Drug trafficking is heavier on the north coast of Nicaragua, the Caribbean side.
  • Cannabis users made 2.2 %, followed by 1% cocaine users, 0.5% Crack users and 0.5% for opioids users.
  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reported that 0.7 percent of the population aged 12-65 abused cocaine.