- Country: Afghanistan
- Capital: Kabul
- Geographic location: South Asia and Central Aias
- Currency: AFNs
- Official Language:
- Total Population: 34,385,068 (2010)
Statistics Regarding Poverty
The government estimates that 42% of the country’s total population lives below the national poverty line. Another 20 per cent of the people live just above that line and are highly vulnerable to the risk of falling into poverty. The gross national income per citizen equals $370 per year. For example, a judge or a teacher earns about $50 per month. Up to 70 per cent of Afghans are food insecure, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, and high food prices have recently pushed millions into high-risk food insecurity. Many rural households are poor because they have incurred heavy debts, or because they live in remote, disadvantaged areas, or because they have lost the male head of the household. Often one or more members of the households is disabled.
Statistics Regarding Children
- 2,000,000 children are orphans
- 600,000 children sleep on the streets
- 400,000 children are maimed from land mines
- 1,000,000 children suffer from post-traumatic stress syndrome
Children aged five or under are the most vulnerable segment of Afghan society. As many as 50 percent of them suffer from chronic malnutrition.
Statistics regarding Widows
There are an estimated 1 million Afghan widows due to the war. Their average age is 35, and 90 percent of them have an average of four or more children? Without the protection of a husband, widows suffer from social exclusion in Afghanistan’s patriarchal society. Many widows have no choice but to become beggars. Women and children have suffered the horrors of kidnapping, child trafficking, organ harvesting, sexual abuses, and child labor in addition to appalling humiliation and degradation.
- 51% illiteracy rate, male youth (15-24 years)
- 82% illiteracy rate, female youth (15-24 years)
- 52% of population don’t have safe drinking water
- 63% of population don’t have improved sanitation facilities
There are ways in which U.S. Citizens can help the children of Afghanistan
Many American non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in Afghanistan say that what is needed most at this time are financial contributions. Individuals who wish to assist can do the most good by making a financial contribution to an established NGO that will be well place to respond to Afghanistan’s most urgent needs, including those related to the county’s children.
Sources: Afghanistan Department of Orphanages, IFAD, UNICEF, U.S. Department of State